SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.37 issue4Presence and Biometry of Os peroneum in Chilean Individuals: Radiological StudyThe Third Head of the Biceps Brachii Muscle Perforated by the Musculocutaneous Nerve author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

ESPINOZA-NAVARRO, O et al. Anthropometric Characteristics, Body Composition and Somatotype of Elite Pan-American Race Walking 20K. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.4, pp.1220-1225. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022019000401220.

The anthropometric and somatotype evaluation is an essential tool in the selection and control of high-performance athletes. The aim of this study was to describe the somatotype and body composition of male elite race walkers (20 k modality), and its relationship with athletic performance. Twenty-four race walkers participated in this study. The sample was divided into two groups: the race walkers with the best performance (upper 25 percentile; n=7) and the second group (n=17) that corresponds to the rest of the participants. Weight (kg), height (cm), seven skinfolds, two diameters and five perimeters were measured. Body fat percentage (BF%) were estimated with the Yuhasz formula, and the somatotype was used applying the Heath-Carter method. The best performing athletes were taller (178.3 ± 4.4 cm vs. 173.7 ± 5.6 cm, p <0.05) and showed a greater ectomorphic component (p<0.05) than the rest of the participants. The somatotype of the best performance athletes was 2.2-2.8-4.1 against the 2.5-3.8-2.9 of the lowest performing athletes. The average time (hours, minute, seconds) of execution of the race in athletes of better performances was 1:22:40, in comparison with the athletes of lower performances with 1:32:41 (p<0.02). The ectomorphic component and height are morphological characteristics that can determine athletic performance of race walkers. It is suggested to consider these factors in the selection of the race walkers.

Keywords : Race walking; Somatotype; Ectomorphy; Athletics; Anthropometry.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )