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International Journal of Morphology

On-line version ISSN 0717-9502

Abstract

DIAS, Fernando José et al. Comparison of Morphological Quantitative Characteristics of the Newly Formed Alveolar Bone After the Application of Demineralized Bone Matrix and Cortical Bone Allografts. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.4, pp.1509-1516. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022019000401509.

The allografts were used to obtain sufficient alveolar bone tissue for proper dental implant placement. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the morphological and quantitative characteristics (cellular and collagen densities) of the newly formed alveolar bone with the application of cortical bone (CB) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) allografts. Six samples of alveolar bone tissue from 5 patients (50 ± 6.3 years) were obtained after 6 months of application of the allografts and immediately before the placement of the dental implants. The samples were fixed (buffered formaldehyde, pH7.2), decalcified (EDTA 10 %) and histologically processed (HE and Picro-Sirius) for histologic analysis. Morphological analysis revealed presence of osteocytes and trabeculae in neoformed bone tissue near the allografts and absence of inflammatory and allergic cells; the remnants of CB were located mainly in the periphery of the bone tissue and the remnants of DBM were more incorporated into the tissue. Osteogenitor cells were observed around the remaining material. The cell density was not modified in newly formed bone tissue with the application of both allografts as compared to mature bone tissue. The density of the type I and III collagens present in the osteoids interspersed with the remainder of the materials showed a tendency to increase in the samples treated with DBM. It was concluded that by the histological characteristics observed both grafts were biocompatible, however the bone treated with DBM presented better incorporation and a tendency of increase of the collagen content in the remnant region of the allografts.

Keywords : New bone formation; Biomaterials; Bone Graft; Quantitative Analysis.

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