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International Journal of Morphology

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502

Resumen

VASQUEZ, Bélgica  y  DEL SOL, Mariano. What is the Critera Used to Include Certain Anatomical Variations in Terminologia Anatomica?. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2020, vol.38, n.4, pp.1136-1141. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022020000401136.

Traditionally since their approval, the terms of anatomical variations have been incorporated in the Basle Nomina Anatomica (BNA, 1895), Jena Nomina Anatomica (JNA, 1933) and Paris Nomina Anatomica (PNA, 1955). In the first two editions of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) (1998 and 2019), numerous anatomical terms, can be found in parenthesis, which according to their anatomical definition, are indicative that they do not constitute normal standards. Therefore, it is worthwhile inquiring what criteria was used at the time these terms were incorporated. Experience and knowledge in the anatomical teaching field, has asserted that ‘normal’ is a concept with a strong statistical component. In anatomical normal standards, it has been noted that the statistical criterion is most important. That is to say that the anatomical structure is found in the highest percentage of the population, generally in over 50% of cases. Consequently, structures found below the statistical average in number should not be considered anatomically normal. The concept of normality in human anatomy is different from that in a patient, given that normal in that case is considered when the person is not incubating or suffering from a disease. In this article we present a series of terms incorporated into TA which, considering our point of view, should not be part of the TA. Nevertheless, as a result of exhaustive research, certain terms with higher statistical percentages are emphasized which were not incorporated in the Terminology.

Palabras clave : Terminologia Anatomica; Anatomical variations; Anatomical terms.

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