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Ciencia y enfermería

On-line version ISSN 0717-9553


MARILAF C, Magdalena; ALARCON M, Ana M  and  ILLESCA P, Mónica. ROLE OF THE RURAL NURSING IN THE ARAUCANÍA REGION OF CHILE: PATIENTS AND NURSES PERCEPTIONS. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.2, pp.111-118. ISSN 0717-9553.

In Chile, primary healthcare has had an important development during last years carrying healthcare delivery to people in those places. This is a qualitative study based on informants' narratives whose objective is to discover the role of the nurse from the perspective of rural users, and nurses attending health rounds in three (3) coastal communities in the Araucanía Region from January to December 2009. Data used were obtained through indepth interviews with 30 key informants. The analysis involved segmentation, coding, categorization, and conceptual synthesis of the narratives collected. Reliability addressed through triangulation of data, informant sources, and double analysis. The results showed four categories: role-based care and educational functions; image from his function and permanence, required competencies focused on knowledge and skills and finally, understanding of nursing care. The analysis describes the rural nurse partially, visualized by users, emphasizing their friendliness, knowledge, technical expertise and counseling as factors of identity of the role. On the other hand, nurses are characterized by social commitment, adaptive capacity, pro-activity and technology handling.

Keywords : Community health nursing; professional role; professional competence.

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