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Ciencia y enfermería

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9553


AYALA, Ricardo A. THE CONCEPT OF OCCUPATIONAL SITUS: WHY THIS NOTION IS NOT PLAUSIBLE: A SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATION. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2015, vol.21, n.3, pp.133-141. ISSN 0717-9553.

Six years ago, there appeared in this same journal a proposal from the field of academic nursing, suggesting the development or even the pre-existence of an occupational situs of nursing. By using this concept, nursing could take distance from medical dominance and establish its own occupational situs, meaning that nurses would be on top of the structure and subordinate occupations on lower levels. Although promising, this proposal did not persuade other researchers into developing a debate in related journals. This omission may be partly due to the fact that, given its empirical limitations even for the sociology of professions (where the concept originates), the concept of occupational situs has fallen into oblivion. In this article I discuss why concepts such as situs and occupational situs, besides their limited usefulness today, are no longer applicable to the conformation of a 'nursing situs.' The stratification of occupational categories is much more complex than merely deciding what a group of professions should include or not include; I thus suggest the ineffectiveness of the concept in setting up professional structures. Contemporary representations of social stratification in different occupations are best described by analysing the role of academic credentials and, especially, the systemic relations through which professions develop mutual influence both in their practical fields and in the construction of professional narratives.

Palabras clave : Sociology of the professions; division of labour; health occupations; sociological phenomena; nursing care.

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