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Ciencia y enfermería

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9553

Resumen

NOGUEIRA CORTEZ, Daniel et al. EFFECTS OF AN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM ON SELF-CARE EMPOWERMENT FOR THE FULFILLMENT OF GOALS IN DIABETES. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2018, vol.24, 3.  Epub 24-Sep-2018. ISSN 0717-9553.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95532018000100203.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of an educational program based on the empowerment of self-care practices to favor the fulfillment of goals in users with type 2 diabetes in Primary Health Care. Methods: Pre-post quasi-experimental study, performed for 12 months with 127 users with type 2 diabetes mellitus, enrolled and followed up in an educational program for the empowerment of self-care practices. The following variables were evaluated: sociodemographic data collected through an interview and a specific instrument created for the research, clinical and metabolic characteristics collected by means of blood tests, degree of empowerment gathered through the Empowerment Scale, and goals fulfillment by means of interview and the specific instrument created for the research. Results: Among the participants, 33.9% (43) of users self-reported partially meeting, and 66.1% (84) fully meeting the goals, favoring a behavior change and improving diabetes control. Regarding empowerment, the chance of achieving the total goals in the group with the highest score is 2.98 times that of the group with the lowest score (95% CI: 1.30-6.86). Conclusion: It was evidenced that the educational program based on the empowerment of self-care practices favored the achievement of goals in users with type 2 diabetes in Primary Health Care.

Palabras clave : Self-care; Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; patient participation; goals; patient care planning; primary healthcare.

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