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Ciencia y enfermería

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9553

Resumen

CARDENAS, Carolina Tapia; FERNANDEZ, Pamela Grandón  y  NAVARRETE, Claudio Bustos. VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH THE SOCIAL PERFORMANCE OF USERS IN SUPPORTED HOUSING. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2018, vol.24, 9.  Epub 16-Nov-2018. ISSN 0717-9553.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95532018000100209.

Objective: Determine the variables associated with the social performance of users living in supported housing, in particular the personal and clinical characteristics of the residents, factors of the centre and of the health areas to which they belong. Method: Descriptive and correlational study whose sample consisted in 122 residents and 30 caregivers of 15 supported housing and 6 residential housing. Social performance was assessed through the Basic Everyday Living Skills Scale, which consisted of four sub-scales: self-care, domestic skills, community skills and activity and social relationships. In order to analyze the data, a mixed linear model was used. Results: In the sub-scales of self-care, community skills and activities and social relations the variance depends primarily on the personal characteristics. On the other hand, in the domestic skills 47.6% corresponds to centre characteristics and health area. The level of restrictiveness, time of residence in the facility, diagnosis of the users, age of residents and social support received corresponded to the statistically significant variables on the prediction of the social performance. Conclusion: Social performance of the users who live in supported housing is mainly determined by individual characteristics. However, variables of the centre and health area have a different weight depending on the type of social skill.

Palabras clave : Psychosocial Support System; mental disorders; social skills.

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