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Ciencia y enfermería

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9553

Resumen

FREITAS NASCIMENTO, Marcelo Victor et al. SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS IN POSTOPERATIVE RECOVERY FROM INTESTINAL STOMA CREATION. Cienc. enferm. [online]. 2018, vol.24, 15.  Epub 16-Ene-2019. ISSN 0717-9553.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95532018000100215.

Objective: To evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients in the postoperative period following intestinal stoma surgery. Material and method: Quantitative study, with a descriptive approach carried out between August and October 2015, in a philanthropic service of reference in an oncology unit, located in Teresina, capital of the province of Piauí, Brazil. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire plus a physical examination with emphasis on the evaluation of the abdomen and stoma were applied to 56 patients. Results: Sociodemographic profile: average age of 57.75 years, mostly women (67.9%), from the interior of Piauí (62.5%), who live in urban areas (69.6%), of mulatto ethnicity (53.6%), Catholic religion (78.6%), with incomplete primary education (37.5%) and an income up to minimum wage (67.9%). Clinical profile: 42.9% had rectal cancer as a medical diagnosis, 85.7% had colostomy; the surgery was elective in 76.8% and not demarcated (57.1%), with a one-piece collector bag system (51.8%), good fixation of the collector bag (87.5%) and stoma with good function (89.3%). Conclusion: The care of patients with stomas should be based on scientific knowledge of the nursing process, and the main needs of each patient should be identified based on their sociodemographic and clinical profiles.

Palabras clave : Sociodemographic profile; Clinical profile; Surgical stomas; Postoperative period; Perioperative Nursing.

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