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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

versão On-line ISSN 0717-9707

Resumo

NAZARUDIN, M. F; SHAMSURI, A. A  e  SHAMSUDIN, M. N. PREPARATION AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF BIODEGRADABLE MAGNETIC Κ-CARRAGEENAN BEADS AND APPLICATION FOR CHROMIUM IONS PRE-CONCENTRATION. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2011, vol.56, n.4, pp.891-894. ISSN 0717-9707.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072011000400015.

This study aims to examine the ability of magnetic K-carrageenan beads as an adsorbent in solid phase extraction towards chromium ions from aqueous solution. In this study, K-carrageenan magnetic gel-beads were obtained via interphase technique. The beads were kept in 0.3 M KCl to maintain gel strength. Physicochemical of the resulting materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and magnetometer. FTIR results have confirmed the presence of functional groups such as sulphate esters groups. The diameter of carrageenan beads was about ~764 µm where SEM micrographs showed the spherical formed shape of carrageenan beads and a rough surface with pores. The saturation magnetization value, M, of carrageenan beads in this study was 18.78 EMU/g. The magnetic function of carrageenan beads is to facilitate bead collection and to get the Cr6+ ion that adsorbed onto the beads. The adsorption of chromium ions by magnetic carrageenan beads are through an ion exchange mechanism and formation of metal-ligand complex. Optimal timing for adsorption of chromium ions was at 60th minute. The optimal operation conditions can be achieved on pH value~1 and concentration of 100 ppm. Langmuir adsorption isotherm curve for Cr6+ is similar to Langmuir adsorption isotherm types III (unfavorable).

Palavras-chave : magnetic Κ-carrageenan beads; interphase technique; ion exchange mechanism; saturation magnetization and Langmuir adsorption isotherm.

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