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Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society

On-line version ISSN 0717-9707

Abstract

RAUF, ABDUR et al. EFFECT OF CONCENTRATION AND MOLECULAR MASS OF PEO ON THE MICELLIZATION AND THERMODYNAMIC BEHAVIOUR OF CETYLTRIMETHYLAMMONIUM BROMIDE (CTAB) IN AQUEOUS PEO-CTAB MIXED SYSTEM. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2016, vol.61, n.3, pp.3013-3017. ISSN 0717-9707.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-97072016000300001.

Polymer-surfactant mixed systems have attracted much attention due to their importance from the academic as well as applied point of view. Therefore, to evaluate the thermodynamic properties of polymer-surfactant self-assembled system, the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of CTAB and CTAB/PEO mixture was determined at different CTAB/PEO ratios and various molecular masses of PEO by employing surface tensiometric, conductometric, and light scattering techniques. The CMC of CTAB was increased as the concentration and molecular mass of the polymer increased. Using surface tensiometry, the thermodynamics of adsorption, surface excess concentration and the minimum area occupied by surfactant molecules for different surfactant-polymer mixtures were also evaluated. CMC, area per molecule, free energy of micellization and degree of counter ion binding were also determined. It was found that most of these parameters increased as the concentration of polymer increased, whereas the surface excess concentration was found to decrease by increasing the polymer ration in the mixed system. The hydrodynamic radius (Rh) of the micelle particles calculated from dynamic light scattering technique showed a similar trend. Most of the results from different techniques support each others.

Keywords : Thermodynamics; micellization; surface tension; hydrodynamic radius; light scattering; PEO.

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