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Ius et Praxis

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0012

Resumen

SOTO VELASCO, Sebastián. Relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial: La Importancia de la Apertura. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2007, vol.13, n.1, pp.135-166. ISSN 0718-0012.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-00122007000100006.

This paper analyzes the relationship between the Chilean Congress and Judicial power, focusing on two institutions: the nomination process to appoint Supreme Court justices and the reports that the Supreme Court is constitutionally obligated to send to the Congress when specific types of bills are introduced. The appointment of Supreme Court candidates is studied from the Senate's incorporation in the process from 1997 until 2005. The author states that a more transparent process, including the publication of the candidate's backgrounds and public hearings, would increase the incentives to nominate the most qualified candidates. The paper also analyzes the reports that the Supreme Court sends to the Congress when bills modifying the organization and functions of the courts are introduced (Article 77 of the Chilean Constitution). In this case, as well as the other, facilitating access to these reports would have positive consequences for the legislative process. In sum, although there are other means of communication between both branches, the paper focuses on these two institutions because it concludes that their value and influence would increase by making them more accountable and transparent

Palabras clave : Judicial Power; Supreme Court; Chilean Congress; Supreme Court Nominations; article 77 of the constitution.

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