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Ius et Praxis

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0012

Resumen

LATHROP GOMEZ, FABIOLA. CONFLICT OF RIGHTS AND EXHUMATION IN PATERNITY LAWSUITS. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.1, pp.91-126. ISSN 0718-0012.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-00122017000100004.

This paper argues that protection of the right to identity may yield for the benefit of other interests involved, under proper weighting of principles, in the context of paternity lawsuits. In particular, the right to life and family privacy and the right to freedom of worship might collide with the right to identity, when it comes to the request for exhumation of the corpse of the alleged father on judicial parentage determination. Such a conflict of rights must be solved by the analysis of the proportionality of this measure for the observance of other fundamental rights. In this way, since other types of biological evidence that are different from DNA tests performed on the alleged father's corpse are equally valid to our legal system, performing said tests would allow to dispense the exhumation of such corpse. Thus it can satisfy the public interest involved in such trials, without sacrificing other fundamental rights, equally or more important than identity right. To support this thesis, we resort to the analysis of specialized doctrine and national and international regulations concerning the identity, life and familiar privacy, and freedom of worship; along with national, comparative and international jurisprudential trends built against such conflict of rights.

Palabras clave : Right to identity; privacy and family life; freedom of worship.

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