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Ius et Praxis

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0012


VALINO CES, Almudena. Reflections on the viability of mediation as an alternative method of conflict resolution in Spanish penitentiary centers. Ius et Praxis [online]. 2020, vol.26, n.2, pp.219-231. ISSN 0718-0012.

The coexistence within a penitentiary center presents some characteristics that negatively influence the personal interrelation, which generates a high level of conflict. However, although institutional solutions temporarily neutralize the conflict, this type of intervention does not come to know its causes, but the formalization of it, preventing dialogue solutions, reducing the possibilities of reparation and recognition of damage and promoting a subsequent reaction of revenge. For this reason, it is intended to demonstrate the viability of mediation in the prison environment, as it represents a method of peaceful resolution of conflicts between inmates, based on dialogue and respect, enabling the persons involved to take responsibility for their conduct, the protagonism in the procedure and in the resolution of the conflict itself.

To this end, restorative justice is analyzed as a model of justice that allows the change of paradigm in Spanish criminal law, in so far as it seeks to restore social peace through the participation of the parties in the management of disputes. In this context, mediation should be highlighted as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism which, while adequate to resolve disputes in any field, the fact is that it represents more than an effective method for those which arise in the context of a prison in which, because of its characteristics and particularities, such a method is more than necessary to enable the positive management of conflicts arising there. For this reason, and in order to complete this work, an analysis is carried out of how mediation can be incorporated in the prison environment.

Palabras clave : Penitentiary mediation; dispute resolution; restorative justice.

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