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Atenea (Concepción)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0462


OELKER, Dieter. Mito, literatura, identidad: (A propósito del relato "Los advertidos", de Alejo Carpentier). Atenea (Concepc.) [online]. 2003, n.487, pp.69-91. ISSN 0718-0462.

The narration of the flood is one of the founding myths that grounds a community in its territory. Tales of floods participate in a relevant manner in the conformation of a special way of being. Nevertheless, this identity that is developed around the axis of a foundational myth excludes other different cultural realities as participants en its constitution. The myth of the great flood is present in almost all of the world’s cultures. Alejo Carpentier takes advantage of this fact to construct his story "Los advertidos" as a burlesque travesty narrated from the perspective of Amaliwak, the hero of the Amazonic flood. The structural center of his narration consists of the encounter between heroes of different flood myths on the high seas. This coincidence permits him to emphasize the multiple occurrences and the similarities between different manifestations of the myth. The author ends up laughing at all pretense of superiority that the prospective protagonists of the myths could show when they think their experience is definitively unique, belonging exclusively to them and when they demand that their version be the universally accepted version. Nevertheless, he also suggests in this encounter of founding heroes the possibility of a behavior sustained on the basis of inclusion and not exclusion from other cultural realities. All of Carpentier’s work appears to be permeated by the problem of Latin American identity. The objective that Carpentier pursues with the rewriting of the myth of the great flood is "to reclaim for America its place within the universal unity of myths" as well as conceiving identity as an open process in permanent development, oriented and actualized by the encounter between individuals and cultures

Palabras clave : Myth; flood; burlesque travesty; identity; interaction.

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