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Atenea (Concepción)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0462

Resumen

PEREZ, LEONEL; HERRERA, RODRIGO  y  FUENTES, PABLO. VILLA SPRING HILL AS AN EXPRESSION OF THE PATERNALISM OF THE NATIONAL PETROLEUM COMPANY (ENAP) IN GRAN CONCEPCIÓN, CHILE. Atenea (Concepc.) [online]. 2019, n.520, pp.75-95. ISSN 0718-0462.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-04622019000200075.

During the second half of the twentieth century, housing complexes were constructed near the Biobío River, in the homonymous region of Chile, which while distant from industrial plants nevertheless maintained a close connection. Villa Spring Hill, a neighborhood located in the municipality of San Pedro de la Paz, near the city of Concepción, and supported by the National Petroleum Company (ENAP), is an emblematic case. One of the objectives of this study is to investigate the configuration of residential spaces built by the state Fordist industry as forms of industrial paternalism, exploring their valuation as part of the urban heritage of Gran Concepción. Information was gathered from documentary research and other primary sources, in addition to interviews with neighbors and former residents who worked at the ENAP refinery. The analysis integrates the variables of spatial configuration and recovers the assessments and experiences of its inhabitants. It concludes by highlighting the union of business-worker interests and the idea of a large "refining" family, in which the industry does not play a predominant role in everyday life, although it is relevant in the community's inception and development.

Palabras clave : Worker housing; industrial paternalism; collective habitat; oil refineries.

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