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Información tecnológica

On-line version ISSN 0718-0764

Abstract

CARDONA, Eliana M; RIOS, Jorge A; PENA, Juan D  and  RIOS, Luis A. Alkaline Pretreatment of Elephant Grass (Pennisetum Sp) and King Grass (Pennisetum Hybridum) Cultured in Colombia for Ethanol Production. Inf. tecnol. [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.5, pp.69-80. ISSN 0718-0764.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07642013000500009.

Abstract The effect of different alkaline pretreatment conditions with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) on the recuperation of cellulosic fraction, lignin removal and ethanol production was evaluated through simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of elephant grass and king grass ((Pennisetum purpureum and  Pennisetum hybridum). These types of grass are potential raw materials for bioethanol production from cellulosic fraction. Results obtained in ethanol production show that under pretreatment conditions of 120ºC, 60 minutes, 2%(w/w) of NaOH and a liquid to solid ratio of 20 (w/w), the highest ethanol concentrations are obtained: 27.7 g/L and 26.1 g/L for king grass and elephant grass respectively, in 24 hours of fermentation. Furthermore, under the evaluated conditions it was observed that lignin removal was 88.4% for elephant grass and 94.0% for king grass. The detoxification stage eliminates inhibitors formed during pretreatment, which affects the hydrolysis and fermentation.

Keywords : lignin removal; king grass; elephant grass; ethanol yield; reducing sugars.

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