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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-090X

Resumen

ALTMAN, David. Redibujando el mapa electoral chileno: incidencia de factores socioeconómicos y género en las urnas. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2004, vol.24, n.2, pp.49-66. ISSN 0718-090X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2004000200003.

This article studies the change of cleavages in the post-authoritarian Chile using electoral and socioeconomic evidence that goes beyond presidential elections and public opinion polls. This research allows us to determine that the socioeconomic conditions (measured through the index of human development) have the expected effects on the percentage of votes obtained by each of the two major coalitions of the country (the governing Concertación, and the opposition Alianza). In general terms, the Concertación obtains better results in the communes with greater values of the index of human development and the Alianza in communes with lower levels of human development. Nonetheless, if we considered the curvilinear effects, the Alianza perform better in communes with extreme values of IDH and the Concertación in the communes with average values. In other words, the Concertación presents a distribution with a shape similar to an inversed U (n), and the Alianza otherwise (U). With respect to the vote of women we can affirm that, although they still tend to favor parties of the Alianza, women simultaneously tend to vote more to the women than to the men. Therefore, we can observe gender solidarity at the polls.

Palabras clave : Chile; Elecciones; Clivaje; Competencia; Género.

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