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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-090X

Abstract

WALKER, IGNACIO  and  JOUANNET, ANDRÉS. DEMOCRACIA CRISTIANA Y CONCERTACIÓN: LOS CASOS DE CHILE, ITALIA Y ALEMANIA. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2006, vol.26, n.2, pp.77-96. ISSN 0718-090X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2006000200004.

Is it only a coincidence that presently Christian Democracy -or sectors that belonged to it- form part of political coalitions with the social democrats or socialists in Chile, Italy and Germany? Without dismissing such a possibility due to the volatility of Italian politics and the special circumstances that led to the formation of the coalition between Merkel and SPD in Germany, the authors argue that perhaps there are more profound reasons that explain these political alliances. This is especially clear in the experience of the "Concertación" in Chile (1990-2010). Based on a historic-descriptive approach, the authors argue that the crisis of the Welfare State and the need for a new impulse in terms of economic growth, competitiveness and innovation, in Europe, and the pervasive reality of poverty, inequality and exclusion, in Latin America, call for a different kind of alliances to give political expression to the social majority. Both processes should be understood within the broader context of the post Cold War period, post-authoritarianism and globalization. To transform the social majority into a political majority, which is the true meaning of the experience of the "Concertación", in Chile, could well be what explains the current political alliances of Christian Democracy in these three countries. In addition, the rather secular character of Christian democracy, in Europe and Latin America -contrary to what is usually thought- has facilitated this coming together of Christian democracy and social democracy. Finally, the diminishing ideological intensity, the dynamics of electoral competition and the existence of certain favourable and special circumstances, would help to explain the emergence of these political coalitions

Keywords : Democracia Cristiana; Partidos políticos; Alianzas políticas; Democracia en Europa y América Latina; Política en Europa y América Latina.

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