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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-090X

Resumen

ALEGRE, Pablo. Socio-political Matrices and Patterns of Reform in the South Cone: Between Populist and Authoritarian Paths: The Uruguayan Case in Comparative Perspective. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2007, vol.27, n.2, pp.89-108. ISSN 0718-090X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2007000300005.

This article analyzes the reform patterns of the ISI model in the earliestá modernized countries in Latin America: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. I argue that the intertwining of countries's ocio-political matrices and their patterns of reform yield three reformist routes: a populist route, an authoritarian route, and an institutionalized-democratic path. The three selected countries experienced different patterns of reform which could be explained by the effects of socio-structural factors (constituencies, incorporation legacies) and of institutional factors (patterns of political competition, types of party organization), both of which give way to specific patterns of political representation. I argue that specific national configurations are able to neutralize the inertial effects of structural conditions that would initially favor the reproduction of the ISI model or its gradual reform: societies highly modernized, universal welfare states, and highly mobilized popular sectors. The transformation of ISI constituencies, leftist or populist party organizational change and the mutation of political representation patterns explain the different patterns of reform observed in each country. My causal argument is based on conjunctural and diachronic path-dependentónarratives of each case

Palabras clave : patterns of reform; party systems; social constituencies; political representation; comparative historical analysis.

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