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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-090X

Resumen

NADEAU, RICHARD et al. Economic Accountability in Low-Income Democracies: The Latin American Voter. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2015, vol.35, n.3, pp.463-488. ISSN 0718-090X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2015000300001.

We now know a good deal about economic voting, but that knowledge comes mostly from research on high-income democracies, such as those in North America and Western Europe. Of course, there are serious relevant studies on low-income democracies, but they are largely of single-country design, frequently employing aggregate data. Multi-national, individual-level survey designs are all but non-existent. Here we examine a 13 - nation pool of current Latin American voting surveys. From estimation of a fully specified, and vigorously challenged, voting model, we conclude there are general, and rather strong, sociotropic retrospective economic voting effects. This finding is ofnormative, as well as scientific importance, indicating that governments in these low-income democracies cannot escape electoral sanction for the delivery of poor economic performance.

Palabras clave : Economic voting; electoral behavior; accountability; Latin America.

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