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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-090X

Abstract

KOUBA, KAREL. Party Institutionalization and the Removal of Presidential Term Limits in Latin America. Rev. cienc. polít. (Santiago) [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.2, pp.433-457. ISSN 0718-090X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-090X2016000200002.

An explanation of the recent wave of constitutional changes in favor of more permissive reelection rules in Latin America is presented based on a principal-agent model of intraparty relations within the presidential party. The theoretical model suggests causal mechanisms through which institutionalized presidential parties constrain the decision to scrap term limits. The theoretical implications are tested using both quantitative and qualitative evidence. Results from logistic regression suggest that the likelihood of removing term limits in Latin American countries (1990-2013) significantly declines with the level of presidential party institutionalization. Case study evidence illustrates the operation of the theoretically-derived causal mechanisms.

Keywords : Presidential reelection; party institutionalization; term limits; comparative politics; Latin America.

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