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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

ROSAS, Minerva; JIMENEZ, Pablo; RIVERA, Rita  y  YANEZ, Miguel. Descriptive study of the comprehension strategies used by 5th and 8th grade students in the zone of Osorno. Rev. signos [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.54, pp.235-247. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342003005400008.

From a cognitive perspective, this article describes the reading comprehension strategies used by 5th and 8th graders when dealing with different types of written texts and the teaching practices used during the reading comprehension classes.This descriptive, exploratory study uses a quantitative and qualitative methodology as it was intended to discover: a) the didactic forms and contents of teachers' everyday class practices and how they influence the reading comprehension skill, b) the strategies students activate when interacting with a written text and c) if there are differences in the ways of processing a written text between students from rural and urban schools. Once the quantitative data were analysed in both levels, no significant differences were found between the rural and urban areas. We hypothesise that students have no semantic-logical integrative strategies or that they are scarcely developed. This is apparently due to the fact that they view problems only in terms of local coherence. This means that they gather isolated information and are unable to integrate information meaningfully. These results are supported by the qualitative data, and respond to the fact that the activities mostly performed by teachers do not foster the development of higher cognitive level strategies.

Palabras clave : reading comprehension; written texts; cognitive strategies.

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