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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

PARODI, Giovanni. Specialized written discourse comprehension in technical-professional domains: ¿Learning from text?. Rev. signos [online]. 2005, vol.38, n.58, pp.221-267. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342005000200005.

In this article we approach the cognitive processing of specialized written discourse in three areas of technical-professional education: maritime, industrial, commerce. We search into the influence of some text variables in reading specialized comprehension by a group of 234 students attending last year of secondary professional high schools, in Valparaíso, Chile. More specifically, we explore some relationships between the process of discourse comprehension and a group of written texts with specialized contents, hierarchically organized according to specific text structures and to dimensions of communicative linguistic features co-occurring systematically in the texts, identified upon of what we called Dimension Informational Focus (Parodi 2005a). To accomplish this, we designed and administered six comprehension texts to the group of students previously mentioned. Results show that there is enough empirical evidence to claim that some linguistic structures that identify informationally dense prose affect the kind and level of comprehension. At the same time, for the students under study, very low level achievement in comprehension was detected and global and transfer inferences shows to be the most problematic processes involved in reading, comprehending and learning from these texts.

Palabras clave : Specialized discourse; inferencial comprehension; technical-professional discourse; learning from text.

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