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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

GONZALEZ, Cristian. Participants in editorials of Chilean written press. Rev. signos [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.61, pp.181-203. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342006000200003.

Every discourse activity implies at least two participants. It is possible to attribute a double identity to each participant. On one hand, there is a pre-eminent psycho-social identity which pertains to the act of speech. On the other hand, there is a discourse identity that is constructed when the act of speaking is derived from text. Recognizing the double identities of the participants in an act of speech helps to characterize the discourse genre from which it is formed. The aim of this research is to identify the participating subjects of the editorial newsprint genre. The corpus is composed of 227 publications from five different nationwide Chilean newspapers during September 2003. The methodological procedures are framed within the ‘semiodiscourse’ analysis (Charaudeau, 2003) that is involved with the understanding of the social sense interpreting recurrent linguistic structures in relation to the characteristics of the enunciation. The results show how the linguistic configuration of participating subjects is a strategic resource available to the communicator, which in the case of the editorials, it serves to the purpose of influencing public opinion.

Palabras clave : Editorial; journalistic discourse; discourse analysis; semiodiscursive approach.

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