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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

SEDANO, Mercedes. Importance of quantitative data in the study of expressions of future. Rev. signos [online]. 2006, vol.39, n.61, pp.283-296. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342006000200007.

The article focuses on the alternation of two expressions of future in present-day Spanish: morphological future (MF) and periphrastic future (PF). Two groups of quantitative research are compared: (i) those so far carried out by different researchers on spoken and written Spanish corpora; (ii) Sedano’s (1994; in press) studies on two corpora of Venezuelan Spanish, one spoken and the other written. The variables taken into account in the latter are the following: (i) temporal distance and (ii) grammatical person in future tense. Even though PF is preferred in spoken Spanish and MF in written Spanish in general terms, the results of this study point to trends not so much determined by the language mode (oral or written) as by the degree of confidence of the speaker/writer in the occurrence of the future event: confidence is associated with PF; lack of confidence is associated with MF. The results of the present research serve to reiterate the importance of corpus-based variationist sociolinguistic studies.

Palabras clave : Morphological future; periphrastic future; variation.

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