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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

GUERRERO, Silvana. Gender differences in evaluations of personal narrations in the speech of young people from Santiago, Chile: A sociolinguistic approach. Rev. signos [online]. 2011, vol.44, n.75, pp.18-32. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342011000100003.

This study presents gender differences in the evaluative component (Labov & Waletzky, 1967; Labov, 1972) in a specific sub-type of narrative discourse in young people from Santiago, Chile: personal narratives. These differences were collected from a sample of 64 (32 female; 32 males) culturally stratified sociolinguistic interviews. Thus, a representative sample of recorded natural discourse was comprised, what Labov (1972) calls vernacular. The hypothesis is the existence of gender differences in the narrative discourse of young speakers, especially in relation to the evaluative component; therefore, the main objective of this investigation consisted in establishing the occurrence of these differences, if any, in the development of the narrations. After analyzing all 64 accounts, the existence of gender differences in the evaluative constituent of narrations was detected in 61 of them. Following Jiménez (2006), this study also includes an analysis of seven evaluative categories (emotion, perception, cognition, physical state, intention, relation, and reported speech), whereby it was established that it is women who mostly use evaluative elements. Finally, the gender differences collected for this study could be explained by women’s relatively deeper awareness of the importance of orality.

Palabras clave : Personal narratives; speech of the youth; evaluative component; evaluative categories.

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