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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

SOTOMAYOR, Carmen; MOLINA, Daniela; BEDWELL, Percy  y  HERNANDEZ, Carolina. Frequent spelling problems characterization in Chilean public schools students of 3rd, 5th and 7th grade. Rev. signos [online]. 2013, vol.46, n.81, pp.105-131. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342013000100005.

The current study provides a descriptive analysis of the orthographic performance of Chilean children that attend public schools. In order to address the recurrent errors, a total of 250 narrative texts from students of 3rd -, 5th- and 7th grade were collected. Stories were obtained from a topic-continuing written prompt. To analise the errors, a rubric was created considering the following error categories: omission of accent marks, erroneous use of spelling (b/v; s/c/z; h), hyposegmentation, and omission or commission of syllables and/or letters. The rubric was based on the linguistic norm and on the phonologic simplification phenomenon. An analysis of frequencies and an Index of errors related to total written words showed that the orthographic errors occurred in 17% of written words. These errors were normally attested in frequently used words such as verbs ‘haber’, ‘hacer’ and ‘estar’ In addition, most recurrent errors relate to the omission of accent marks (mostly in last syllable accented words and in the erroneous use of spelling). Errors of syllable and/or letter omission and hyposegmentation were frequent problems in 3rd graders. In addition, it was found that orthographical errors decreased in most of the categories according to grade level. That is, students in 5th and 7th grades made fewer orthographic errors than students in 3rd grade. Specifically, the difference between 3rd and 7th graders was statistically significant.

Palabras clave : Writing; orthographic errors; orality-writing; accentuation; use of spelling.

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