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Revista signos

versión On-line ISSN 0718-0934

Resumen

CARDENAS, Camila. Youth and historical (in)visibility: Ideological representations modes of Chilean youth in the recent past (1970-1990). Rev. signos [online]. 2014, vol.47, n.85, pp.217-244. ISSN 0718-0934.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342014000200004.

Inquiring into the way young people action is portrayed in the recent history means a new exploration in Discourse Studies. As a whole, research on the topic of youth has been explored in fields like sociology, anthropology and psychology, but little has been said from the field of discourse analysis, which includes these social actors and explains their social importance in the last decades. Using a theoretical-methodological perspective combining Critical Discourse Studies (CDE) and Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), I analyze how meaning is constructed leading to different ideological representations such as negation, marginalization, and the concealment of the young people in disciplinary discourses from history (Salazar & Pinto, 1999; Correa, Figueroa, Jocelyn-Holt, Rolle & Vicuña, 2001) and specialized discourses (Abarca & Forch, 1972; Agurto, Canales & De la Maza, 1985) produced between 1970 and 1990. Based on this, I hypothesize that the chosen discourses are able to express, negotiate, and naturalize representations related to young people which meddle their visibility in the constitution of the recent Chilean history. The Chilean youth discourses could be less visible through the construction of historical disciplinary knowledge, and they could receive higher visibility in the construction of specialized knowledge. The results partially confirm the hypothesis; there are linguistic, socio-cognitive and contextual aspects preventing a bi-univocal link which rather encourage intra-discursive and local variations strongly dependent on sensitive historical events controlling their presence/absence with an adjustment to the diverse ideological alignments.

Palabras clave : Ideological representation; (in)visibility; youth; Chilean recent past.

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