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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

PLATT, Tristan. El feto agresivo: Parto, formación de la persona y mito-historia en los Andes. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2002, n.22, pp.127-155. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432002002200008.

On the basis of an ethnographic and linguistic study of maternal mortality in Bolivia, this ethno_obstetric research deals with conception, gestation and childbirth in a Quechua_speaking community near Potosí. It analyzes the parallelism established between the early formation of the person and the mytho_historical origins of society. Prehispanic pagan substance flows constantly into a society of "converts" (conversos), thereby giving reality to the juridical concept of the "originary indian" (indio originario). The article aims to transcend the opposition between "essentialist" and "hybridist" interpretations of indian society by showing that the originario is necessarily constructed by indian commoners as "essential" without therefore denying his/her constant historical transformation. The rites of separation of the "aggressive foetus" from the mother also pose questions to psychoanalysts concerning the influence that perinatal experiences can have on the formation of the individual person in different historical and cultural contexts.

Palabras clave : anthropology of childbirth; medical anthropology; person formation; mytho_history; gender; psychoanalisis.

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