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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

HIDALGO LEHUEDE, Jorge. Redes eclesiásticas, procesos de extirpación de idolatrías y cultos andinos coloniales en Atacama: XVII y XVIII. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2011, n.42, pp.113-152. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432011000200007.

This paper analyzes the bibliography related to Extirpation of Idolatries in colonial Atacama (II Region, Chile), and proposes new hypotheses through both well-known and unstudied documents. We make a contribution to the study of ecclesiastic networks and careers, remarking on both extirpations and commercial activities, and studying the priestly teams that discovered idolatry cults and huacas in four visits or extirpation campaigns between 1635 and 1674. We propose three stages in the formation of Atacameño Christianity: 1) 1557-1635, when the Church and the huacas shared the same symbolic values, 2) 1635-1650, where the Atacameño people saw the priests as providers and carriers of prosperity, and 3) 18th century, when Atacameño people had incorporated the primary teachings of colonial Catholicism, but some attributes of the huacas were symbolically identified with the Christian god, the Church, and its representatives.

Palabras clave : idolatries; huacas; atacameño Catholicism.

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