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 número43¿QUIÉNES VIAJABAN?: INVESTIGANDO LA MUERTE DE VIAJEROS PREHISPÁNICOS EN EL DESIERTO DE ATACAMA (CA. 800 AC-1536 DC) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043


MOYANO, Ricardo  y  URIBE, Carlos. EL VOLCÁN CHILIQUES Y EL "MORAR-EN-EL-MUNDO" DE UNA COMUNIDAD ATACAMEÑA DEL NORTE DE CHILE. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2012, n.43, pp.187-208. ISSN 0718-1043.

This article presents the preliminary results from the archaeological survey of the Chiliques Volcano (23°34'S / 67°42'W / 5778 masl) situated in the Atacama desert, northern Chile. The main goal was to verify the existence of archaeological sites in the area, as well as a possible ceque line projected from the ceremonial center of Socaire. The results suggest the importance of Chiliques Volcano as a facilitator of methereological phenomena within the system of sacred mountains which are invoked during the ceremony for cleaning the canal held in October in Socaire. Chiliques might have constituted an "axis mundi" for the following reasons: its conical shape and permanent visibility from other prehispanic shrines, the existence of two lakes in its summits (ctonic element), its geographical location at the eastern horizon and the natural characteristics of the soil at the origin of the Nacimiento Ravine.

Palabras clave : Chiliques; Socaire; Agricultural Calendar.

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