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 número44Contextos de uso de las plantas vinculadas al Complejo Pica Tarapacá, Andes Centro-Sur: Arqueobotánica y agricultura en el período Intermedio Tardío (ca. 1250-1450 DC) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

MUNOZ O, Iván  y  CHACAMA R, Juan. Transformación del paisaje social en Arica, norte de Chile: De pescadores arcaicos a agricultores incipientes. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2012, n.44, pp.123-140. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432012000200007.

The change process from fisher-gatherer societies, such as Chinchorro groups, toward sedentary agricultural society, as proposed for the Alto Ramirez Falda del Morro populations, not only effected their social and economic structure, but also led to changes in the structures of the social organization and the way by which these human groups interacted with their environment. As such, the association between specific geographic landmarks, areas for resource extraction and settlement areas played a main role as territory organizers. In order to study the impact of such aspect s in the local settlement pattern, this article analyses a series of archaeological sites associated to the Late Archaic and Formative period in Arica's coast and the valley of Azapa. To this end, we compared three chronological periods, which correspond to the Late Archaic Cultural Period (2000-1000 AC), Early Formative Period (1000-200 AC), and Late Formative Period (200 AC-500 DC).

Palabras clave : Archaic fisher; gatherers; Incipient farmers; Social landscape.

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