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Estudios atacameños

On-line version ISSN 0718-1043

Abstract

STOVEL, Emily; WHITEHEAD, William; DEIBEL, Michael  and  URIBE, Mauricio. RELACIONES CERÁMICAS Y SOCIALES ENTRE SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA Y EL LOA SUPERIOR DURANTE EL PERÍODO INTERMEDIO TARDÍO A TRAVÉS DEL ANÁLISIS DE FLUORESCENCIA DE RAYOS X PORTÁTIL. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2013, n.46, pp.47-60. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432013000200004.

During the Late Intermediate Period, communities in San Pedro de Atacama and the neighboring Upper Loa Valley produced similar ceramic styles. Ceramics in combination with other objects, provide evidence of the intensification of a regional identity during this period. The results of portable X-Ray Fluorescence analysis on 251 ceramic sherds (styles Dupont, Ayquina, and Turi variants) from some sites, shows that these styles form two distinct chemical groups linked to the two areas. A small subset of sherds with chemical values found in the Upper Loa were identified in the San Pedro sample, but none with San Pedro values were found in the Upper Loa sample. This suggests both areas used local raw material resources to coproduce key styles and may have been thereby signaling adherence to a shared regional identity. These results argue against a model of a power differential occurring in the Late Period in explanation of these patterns.

Keywords : San Pedro de Atacama; Upper Loa River Valley; portable X-Ray Fluorescence; Late Intermediate Period; pottery; archaeometry.

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