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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

COSTA, María Antonietta  y  LLAGOSTERA, Agustín. LEISHMANIASIS EN COYO ORIENTE: MIGRANTES TRASANDINOS EN SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2014, n.47, pp.5-18. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432014000100002.

Female skulls with massive destructive lesions, especially in orbit and nose were found in San Pedro de Atacama in the archaeological Coyo Oriente cemetery. Bone fragments from the edges of the lesions were subjected to molecular analysis by PCR DNA amplification which enabled us to diagnose leishmaniasis disease. This article examines the pathology of these skulls and biological and cultural elements associated with them, as well, the cultural and bioantropological context in which these individuals were inserted. Since the vector of this disease was never present in the arid environment of San Pedro de Atacama, it is postulated that these people would be originating on the other side of the Andes, where this disease is endemic. They can arrived to the area with some latent stage of the disease. The fact that all of them are women, suggests that their presence in San Pedro de Atacama could obey to a patrilocal system of marriage alliances.

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