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 número48LA MINERÍA DE LA SAL DURANTE EL SIGLO XX EN SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA, CHILE (II REGIÓN): ENTRE LA EXPLOTACIÓN ARTESANAL Y LA INDUSTRIALIZACIÓNDERROTERO DE LA PLATA EN ATACAMA: GEOGRAFÍA LITERARIA DEL MINERAL DE TRES PUNTAS índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Estudios atacameños

versão On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumo

BOLADOS GARCIA, Paola. LOS CONFLICTOS ETNOAMBIENTALES DE "PAMPA COLORADA" Y "EL TATIO" EN EL SALAR DE ATACAMA, NORTE DE CHILE: PROCESOS ÉTNICOS EN UN CONTEXTO MINERO Y TURÍSTICO TRANSNACIONAL. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2014, n.48, pp.228-248. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432014000200015.

During the second half of the 2000s, indigenous populations of the Salar de Atacama (Northern Chile) played a main role fighting in two significant environmental conflicts known as "Pampa Colorada" and "The Tatio Defense". Taking into account these historical events, this paper analyses the relationships amidst ethnic processes experienced by the Salar during the 90s and transnational economies embedded in a complex phenomena of production such as mining and tourism. These production processes were installed there as a consequence of changes within the legal framework during the military regime. From historical and anthropological perspectives, the author of this paper seeks a different approach to understand the social and ethnic complexity of the Salar, doing ethnography of hegemonic and resistance forces which compose a significant part of the transnational globalization. The main thesis of this paper is to reveal the pressure struggles between agenda and structure with the purpose of establishing mechanisms to vindicate the Salar de Atacama as an indigenous and mining/tourist territory at the same time.

Palavras-chave : transnational globalization; atacameños; mining and tourism; salar de Atacama.

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