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 issue50CHAETOPHRACTUS VELLEROSUS GRAY 1985 (XENATHRA, DASYPODIDAE) EN UN CEMENTERIO DE TÚMULOS DE LA DESEMBOCADURA DEL RÍO LOA (REGIÓN DE ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE): EVIDENCIAS DE CONEXIONES CON EL ALTIPLANO ANDINO DURANTE EL PERÍODO FORMATIVO TARDÍO (500 AC - 800 DC)LAS VASIJAS Y SU POTENCIAL COMO SUJETOS ESTABILIZADORES DE SERES INCOMPLETOS: PRÁCTICAS MORTUORIAS DE INFANTES DURANTE EL PERÍODO TARDÍO EN EL VALLE CALCHAQUÍ NORTE author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Estudios atacameños

On-line version ISSN 0718-1043

Abstract

ARRIAZA, Bernardo et al. ESTUDIO DE ALMIDONES EN QUEROS DE MADERA DEL NORTE DE CHILE RELACIONADOS CON EL CONSUMO DE CHICHA DURANTE EL HORIZONTE INCA. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2015, n.50, pp.59-84. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432015000100004.

This paper presents the results of botanical analyses undertaken on micro-remains (starch grains) collected from the internal wall and base of five different types of queros of a total of 17 vessels. These queros are associated with chicha production during the Late Intermediate and Inca Horizon periods in northern Chile. The starch grains were separated by gravimetry and observed on microscope slides. Fifteen of these queros were positive for starch grains of corn (Zea mays) and some of these also contained evidence of fermented corn. In addition, we found starches of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) and yucca (Manihot esculenta), among other species. These local findings differ from the contextual and technical aspects of chicha production described by the chroniclers for the nuclear area of Tawantinsuyo. Evidence found in the wooden queros and the different plant starches suggest grinding of these products and perhaps adding them as flour to the chicha. We conclude that this indicates regional variation in the protocols of production and consumption of chicha that were more likely related to dietary intake and local mortuary rites.

Keywords : fermented drinks; Western Valleys; libations; mortuary rites; Arica.

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