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Estudios atacameños

On-line version ISSN 0718-1043

Abstract

GILI, Francisca et al. LAS PIPAS DEL SALAR DE ATACAMA: REEVALUANDO SU ORIGEN Y USO. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2017, n.54, pp.37-64.  Epub Dec 27, 2016. ISSN 0718-1043.

This article provides a survey of ceramic pipes from archaeological sites near the Salar de Atacama and describes their morphological attributes, paste elemental composition and combustion residue composition. Pipes exhibit a shape distinctive of the SA: pipe stems with everted lips and bowls with abstract zoo- or anthropomorphic motifs. The pastes present attributes of local origin and the residues lack of tryptamines and traces of nicotine and a variety of generic compounds of plant and animal origin. These results suggest that consumption of hallucinogens was not the primary use of the pipes; this allows hypothesizing that they may have been used as incense burners. An exploratory comparison of the results with those of pipes from Northwestern Argentina is presented.

Keywords : Ceramic pipes; hallucinogens; incense burners; residue analysis; paste analysis.

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