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 issue54PEQUEÑAS TUMBAS EN LA COLINA: APORTES AL CONOCIMIENTO DEL PERÍODO ALFARERO TEMPRANO EN EL VALLE DE MAURO (31° S) DESDE LA FUNEBRIALA EXPEDICIÓN DE ANTONIO RAIMONDI A LA PROVINCIA DE TARAPACÁ Y LA CONSTRUCCIÓN ESTATAL DE UN TERRITORIO NACIONAL PERUANO: COMENTARIOS Y TRANSCRIPCIÓN DE SU CUADERNO DE CAMPO (1853-1854) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Estudios atacameños

On-line version ISSN 0718-1043

Abstract

SAINTENOY, Thibault; AJATA, Rolando; ROMERO GUEVARA, Alvaro Luis  and  SEPULVEDA, Marcela. ARQUEOLOGÍA DEL TERRITORIO ALDEANO PREHISPANICO TARDÍO EN LOS ALTOS DE ARICA: APORTES DE LA FOTOINTERPRETACIÓN SATELITAL PARA EL ESTUDIO REGIONAL DE LA CUENCA ALTA DE AZAPA. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2017, n.54, pp.85-110.  Epub Feb 07, 2017. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432017005000001.

We present the methodology and the first results of a regional study of late pre-Hispanic occupation in the Azapa upper basin located in Aricay Parinacota region (ca. 3000 asl, Chile). The good preservation of the architectural remains in this mountainous region of the Atacama Desert allowed to perform effectively a survey boy photo-interpretation of high-resolution multi-spectral satellite imagery. This aerial survey managed to duplicate the record of previously known late pre-Hispanic residential settlements in this watershed of 1000 km2. Boy developing a geodatabase that integrates this new information with abundant field-survey data, we document the extent and diversity of the late pre-Hispanic settlement pattern. It is confirmed that occupation was concentrated in three large residential complex located in the heart of the agricultural area. out the study also reveals an extended settlement pattern, with the identification of dozens of small settlements scattered in the region. These settlements are mostly estancias (smallfarms), which would be mainly associated to pastoral activities complementary with agriculture. We discuss the territorial function of these small farms and we propose that this type of settlement is potentially a good line of evidence to characterize the socio-territorial dynamics and macro-regional interactions occurred in the transect of 18"S between the Altiplano of Carangas and the Pacific Ocean.

Keywords : Settlement pattern; agro-pastoral economy; andean verticality; estancia (small farm); Atacama Desert; Geomatics; South-central Andes.

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