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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

ARENAS C., Marco Antonio; GONZALEZ, Bosco  y  MARTINEZ C., José Luis. Colonial rock art in the corregimientos of Tarapacá and Atacama. Initial comparative issues. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2019, n.61, pp.73-109. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-10432019005000203.

A comparative exercise between spaces and signifiers from colonial rock art identified in the districts of Tarapacá and Atacama is performed. We describe and discuss 36 sites with colonial rock art and present a table with the total of visual signifiers identified in each site. It is proposed that the sites are in such spaces shows two operating modes: on the one hand, are associated with routes or paths of greater or lesser importance of communicating different indigenous enclaves associated with the colonial power. Furthermore, it is proposed the existence of more discrete spaces, often close to these same roads but of limited visibility and access. Except for a single case (in the Corregimiento de Atacama), all sites were operated since pre-Hispanic times and continued to be used in the Colonial period. The spatially uneven distribution of existing sites, and the greater or lesser density of colonial records found in them is addressed. It is postulated that these differences may be due to the characteristics and depth of the colonial imprint, internal social dynamics of each community and the characteristics of local religious processes.

Palabras clave : colonial rock art; pathways and “discreet” spaces.

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