SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
 issue63‘That´s how i occupy a place’. Homelessness and the other ways to live the city in Chile and UruguayCultural continuity between the Camanchaco-Chango Paposins families during the XVIII and XIX centuries, through the analysis of the social category of the “aggregate” author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Estudios atacameños

On-line version ISSN 0718-1043

Abstract

CONTRERAS CRUCES, Hugo. With promises of liberty. The enrollment of slaves in the Peruvian independence war, 1820-1825. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2019, n.63, pp.131-146. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22199/issn.0718-1043-2019-0023.

This article studies the enrollment process of slaves for the armies that fought for the independence of Peru. This was marked by the conjunctures of the conflict and in few occasions, it was due to a planned effort for adding new troops. The willingness of the slaves themselves to enlist, the donations of their masters and, even, the forced recruitment made by the patrols of the military corps in the streets of Lima, were how these serfs became a part of the army. On the other hand, the promises of immediate liberty or after a certain amount of years’ service also depended on the wars’ conjunctures. The worse the military situation for the patriots, of whom this article is principally about, the faster liberty could be reached. This was reflected in the decrees that regulated the recruitment of the black troops, leading to diverse legal statuses and to continuous disputes with the once masters of the enlisted slaves, evidenced in long trials after the war was over and the independence of Peru was secured.

Keywords : independence; recruitment; slaves; promises of liberty.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )