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Estudios atacameños

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1043

Resumen

MARDONES, Pablo. To migrate, die and keep belonging. The central-Andes Day of the Dead in the Flores Cemetery of Buenos Aires. Estud. atacam. [online]. 2020, n.64, pp.361-390. ISSN 0718-1043.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22199/issn.0718-1043-2020-0018.

This article is a result of a strategically situated ethnography on the celebration of the Day of the Dead, carried out between 2008 and 2014 at the Cemetery of Flores and in the south-western neighborhoods of Buenos Aires (Argentina). The data gathered through ethnographic observation and a bibliographic and press review show a Latin American regional dynamic in which we observe from the mid-twentieth century a decline of the celebration of the Day of the Dead in the large cities of those countries that have constructed their national-state identity as “non-Indian”. At the same time, in those countries that have included “Indian” identities in their national imaginaries, the celebration is increasing. The research carried out positions Buenos Aires in both spheres: while the celebration of this festivity has declined among the native population, it has grown among Aymara, Kolla and Quechua migrants from the central Andes. I identify how these migrants generate processes of communalization and relational dynamics in the resignification of the celebration to the deceased and the burial of their own people in Buenos Aires. I suggest that in these processes, the subjects build territorialities and produce new senses of attachment towards the new spaces they inhabit.

Palabras clave : of the Dead; Flores Cemetery; Central Andes; communalization; relational dynamics.

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