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Revista de biología marina y oceanografía

On-line version ISSN 0718-1957


INIGUEZ-MARTINEZ, Ana M et al. Compounds isolated from Salinispora arenicola of the Gulf of California, México. Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. [online]. 2016, vol.51, n.1, pp.161-170. ISSN 0718-1957.

The marine actinobacterium AMS370, identified as Salinispora arenicola by 16S rRNA amplified gene comparison, was isolated from sediments of the Gulf of California, Mexico. From its semi-polar extract, 8 known compounds were isolated: 4-Hydroxy-phenyl acetic acid (1), 5-Methyl-2-methylene-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrimidin-4-one (2), 1H-Pyrimidine-2,4-dione (3), 3-amino-5-hydroxy-benzoic acid (4), 2-(4-Amino-imidazol-[4,5-d]pyridazin-1-yl)-5-hydroxymethyl-4-methyl-tetrahydro-furan-3-ol (5), 3-(4-Hydroxy-phenyl)-acrylic acid methyl ester (6), 3-Benzyl-6-isobutyl-piperazine-2,5-dione (7) and 5,8-epidioxy-(22E,24R)-ergosta-6,22-dien-3-ol (Ergosterol peroxide) (8). The chemical identification was performed by comparison of their NMR spectra against the NMR spectra of the original compounds. This is the first time that compound 4 is reported as a natural product obtained from the Salinispora genus. The crude extract and all the fractions obtained were tested for antibiotic activity against Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella sp. and antifungic activity against Candida albicans. Also, breast cancer (MCF-7), cervical cancer (HeLa) and colorectal cancer cell lines (HCT-116) were tested to determine their cytotoxic activity. Only the semi-polar crude extract and its fractions 5.1 and 5.2 were active against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus.

Keywords : Marine actinobateria; antibacterial activity; cytotoxic activity; Gulf of California.

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