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Revista de biología marina y oceanografía

On-line version ISSN 0718-1957

Abstract

BETANCOURTT, Claudia et al. Spatio-temporal variation in the composition of the macroalgae assemblage of the intertidal rocky zone from Maitencillo, Valparaíso, central coast of Chile. Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. [online]. 2018, vol.53, n.1, pp.105-117. ISSN 0718-1957.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-19572018000100105.

Records on the diversity of algae serve as a foundation for establishing management and environmental protection programs, as well as for determining new commercial uses of algae. With this context in mind, the goal of the present study was to determine the richness, coverage, and composition of the macroalgae assemblage in the intertidal zone of Maitencillo, Valparaíso, Chile over the course of 3 years (2013-2015). A total of 29 species were recorded from three phyla - 23 Rhodophyta; 3 Ochrophyta, of the Phaeophyceae class; and 3 Chlorophyta. Species richness presented high spatial and temporal variations, with these variations most significantly explained by intertidal zone (61%) and the seasons (31%). The highest levels of specific richness were recorded in the mid and lower intertidal zones (14 species) in spring, as well as in the lower intertidal zone (14 species) during summer. The lowest values of specific richness were recorded for the mid intertidal zone (2 species) during fall. The distinct levels of the intertidal zone also notably impacted algae assemblage, explaining 53% of variation while the seasons explained 18% of variation. The greatest coverage was recorded in the mid intertidal zone during spring, with a predominance of Mazzaella laminarioides and Ulva spp. complex. In turn, the lowest coverage was found in fall, linked with processes of sand accretion. In rocky walls, the Pyropia complex dominated. Results indicate a marked pattern of vertical and seasonal distribution in the macroalgae assemblage, as well as notably high presence of Rhodophyta species. This benthic flora description serves to update information on the diversity of representative algal species from Valparaíso Region of Chile.

Keywords : Seaweeds; intertidal distribution; coverage; richness.

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