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Alpha (Osorno)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2201

Abstract

SCHERE, María Jimena. The argumentative dimension of literary tópos: the case of the character types in the comedy of Aristophanes. Alpha [online]. 2017, n.45, pp.59-75. ISSN 0718-2201.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22012017000200059.

The notion of tópos, conceived as a principle shared by a community, has a central place in the treatises of rhetoric from Greco-Roman antiquity. This concept is also relevant, we believe, in literary discourse and it allows to establish a connections between literature and rhetoric. While comparative literature tends to disassociate this notion from its persuasive function, we understand that the tópoi have a complex function in ancient comedy: the tópoi are literary motifs, but also adopt an argumentative purpose. Aristophanes' comedy, in particular, advocates certain political ideas, using a series of tópoi, either in the form of statements or character types. The tópoi are then used in both oratory and comedy with persuasive purposes.

Keywords : rhetorical tópoi; literary tópoi; character types; argumentation; ancient comedy.

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