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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología

versão On-line ISSN 0718-221X

Resumo

KIAEI, Majid; TAJIK, Milad  e  VAYSI, Ramin. Chemical and biometrical properties of plum wood and its application in pulp and paper production. Maderas, Cienc. tecnol. [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.3, pp.313-322.  Epub 27-Jun-2014. ISSN 0718-221X.

Plum (Prunus domestica) is one of the most widespread species of fruit trees in Asia and South-East Europe. There are large quantities of fruit wood trees without suitable usage in world. The aim of this research was to examine biometrical and chemical properties of the plum wood and its application in the pulp and paper industry. Five normal plum trees were randomly selected from Shahriyar province, Iran. A log cut down at stem (breast height) and branch for each of trees. The pith parts of cross-section were removed to examine the chemical (according to the TAPPI standard) and biometrical properties (according to the Franklin method). Results indicated that there were significant differences between stem and branch samples in fiber diameter and lumen diameter. Types of wood (branch and stem) had not significant differences on the chemical properties and fiber length, cell wall thickness and morphological properties. Among all of studied properties, the lignin, cellulose, fiber diameter, fiber lumen diameter, cell wall thickness and flexibility coefficient in branch wood is higher than stem wood. Although Runkel and flexibility coefficients of stem and branch fibers are lower than the accepted standard, but because of closing amount of lignin, extractive composition and fiber length to hardwood species, it can solve some of the problems of the lack of raw materials for paper production.

Palavras-chave : Prunus domestica; stem, branch; biometrical properties; chemical properties.

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