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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-221X

Resumen

LOAIZA, Javier M. et al. Integral use of Eucalyptus globulus in a double stage biorefinery scheme. Maderas, Cienc. tecnol. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.1, pp.93-108. ISSN 0718-221X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2020005000109.

Two previous treatments have been applied to the ethanol-soda paste process on Eucalyptus globulus wood to evaluate its influence on the properties of the obtained cellulose pulps. The treatments consisted of a first optimized stage of autohydrolysis (temperature: 180 ºC, time: 30 min) to obtain the maximum extraction rate of hemicellulosic derivatives preserving the glucan, followed by enzymatic oxidative delignification by a laccase/mediator system (syringaldehyde). Experimental designs have been applied for the optimization of processes. The optimum operating conditions in the enzymatic delignification stage were: Lacasse concentration 18,5 U/g, concentration of syringaldehyde 1,5 %, temperature 45 ºC and operating time 60 min., with which an elimination of the 16,8% of the existing lignin in the raw material and slightly affects the glucan (it is conserved between 82,2 % and 89,7 % of the initial glucan). Two liquid, recoverable phases are obtained, rich in hemicellulose and polyphenolic derivatives. In this process scheme to obtain ethanol-soda cellulosic pulp from eucalyptus wood requires a lower concentration of chemical reagents, shorter operating times and lower temperatures, which is an economic and environmental improvement over the conventional pulping process.

Palabras clave : Autohydrolysis; eucalypts; ethanol-soda; hemicellulose; lacasse; pulp.

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