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Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-221X

Resumen

AHMED, Sohail; FATIMA, Rushda  y  HASSAN, Babar. Evaluation of different plant derived oils as wood preservatives against subterranean termite Odontotermes obesus. Maderas, Cienc. tecnol. [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.1, pp.109-120. ISSN 0718-221X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2020005000110.

The study assessed the effect of jatropha, linseed, eucalyptus, neem and jojoba oils on protection of three wood species (Acacia nilotica, Dalbergia sissoo and Pinus wallichiana) against termite attack by Odontotermes obesus. Conditioned and pre-weighed blocks of each wood species were vacuum-pressure impregnated with a 15% concentration of the oil-ethanol solutions. Resistance of treated and untreated wood against termites was tested under laboratory as well as field conditions using choice and no-choice tests. Oil treated wood showed significant reductions in weight loss compared to control treatments. Complete termite mortality was recorded for all oil treatments except eucalyptus oil. Linseed oil showed good results in each treatment in terms of feeding resistance as well as mortality of termites followed by neem, jatropha, jojoba and eucalyptus oil. The lower weight losses were found in both choice and no-choice field tests for linseed oil treated Dalbergia sissoo while untreated Pinus wallichiana sapwood had the greater weight loss. It was observed that the oil retention was significantly more in sapwood than in heartwoods. The retention of oils justified that wood with high oil retention showed more resistance against the termite except eucalyptus oil treatment of Pinus wallichiana.

Palabras clave : Oil treated wood; retention; vacuum pressure; weight loss; wood protection; wood preservatives; subterranean termite.

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