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Psykhe (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2228

Abstract

HERRERA, Lucía  and  DEFIOR, Silvia. An Approach to the Phonological Processing in Prereading Spanish Children: Phonological Awareness, Verbal Short-Term Memory and Naming. Psykhe [online]. 2005, vol.14, n.2, pp.81-95. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22282005000200007.

The main goal of the present work is the understanding of the memory and phonological awareness skills of prereading children to determine the early factors that relate to reading acquisition. Another goal is to analyze whether phonological awareness skills, syllabic segmentation in particular, are affected by the specific characteristics of the Spanish language system. A sample of 95 kindergarten children was used. The children's knowledge of the letters and some phonological skills were measured. The results show that the highest scores were obtained in the syllabic segmentation task. Moreover, all the phonological tests correlate with the prereading knowledge of letters. We also find that the phonological characteristics of the language (i.e., word and syllabe types) also affect segmentation skills. The power of the different tests to discriminate among the children and its connection with letters' knowledge are considered in the discussion. The possibility that the intrasyllabic units in Spanish and in English are different is pointed out.

Keywords : preliterate knowledge; phonological processing; syllabic segmentation.

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