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Psykhe (Santiago)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2228

Abstract

CARDENAS, Manuel  and  BARRIENTOS, Jaime. Explicit and Implicit Attitudes toward Gay Men in a University Sample in Chile. Psykhe [online]. 2008, vol.17, n.2, pp.17-25. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22282008000200002.

The article reports Chilean college students' implicit attitudes toward homosexual men (N = 117), measured through the Implicit Association Test (IAT).The study compared young men and women implicit assessments with those obtained with an explicit measure, the Attitude toward Gay Men (ATG) Scale. Men showed more unfavorable implicit attitudes toward homosexuals than women. However, these differences were not observed when measuring implicit attitudes, showing that both men and women had negative implicit attitude toward homosexual men. These results suggest that the apparent decrease in prejudice revealed in self-reports measures, or associated with certain demographic groups, could conceal the fact that automatic attitudes might not have changed.

Keywords : implicit attitudes; explicit attitudes; homophobia.

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