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Psykhe (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2228

Resumen

SIRLOPU, David; MELIPILLAN, Roberto; SANCHEZ, Alejandro  y  VALDES, Cristián. Bad at Accepting Diversity?: Socio-Demographic and Psychological Predictors of Attitudes Towards Multiculturalism in Chile. Psykhe [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.1-13. ISSN 0718-2228.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/psykhe.24.2.714.

The arrival of a large number of Latin American immigrants to Chile has sparked public debate about what policies should be implemented to integrate them into society. The present research evaluated these attitudes, using the Multicultural Ideology Scale (EIM), and analyzed socio-demographic and psychological variables as potential predictors of multiculturalism. A non-probability quota sampling was used to enroll 400 participants in the study-Chilean adults (men = 193, women = 207) aged 18-60 years (M = 32.5, SD = 12.6)- from various districts of Santiago, Chile. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to evaluate the dimensionality of the EIM. Multiple linear regression analyses were also used to determine the effect of socio-demographic and psychological variables on the EIM. The results revealed 2 factors: Support for cultural diversity and Support for cultural homogeneity. Overall, Chileans showed strong support for cultural diversity. In addition, socio-economic status, age, and gender significantly predicted multiculturalism, as well as empathy, social dominance orientation, and acculturation.

Palabras clave : multiculturalism; acculturation; social dominance; empathy; Chile.

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